A Short but Rich History of Educational Leadership
Although the dean or principal is responsible in heading a school, the rest of the administrative staff can also benefit a lot from using educational leadership principles in their jobs. This so-called educational leadership is actually concerned with development as well as execution of thorough curriculum which challenges the students to attain their utmost potential in academics.
Responsibility of The Educational leader
An educational leader is expected to manage his staff effectively, which include teachers, specialists, licensed professionals and administrators’ hierarchy. They are the ones representing theirs schools to both state and district and they work hand in hand with school committees and parent organizations.
Educational Leadership In America
The educational leadership system in America has dramatically evolved in accordance to the independently operated schools’ needs for organized and practical structure. Since schoolhouses during the earlier part of 19th century were mere extensions of a certain community’s knowledge, these schools were usually lacking of the needed administrative skills.
It was during 1800s when the schools started to be organized formally into districts. Every year, town meeting is being held in each district wherein there was an election of school gent. Each town also nominated the Superintending School Committee made up of a minimum of three persons. A school officer supervised ever county and all school officers for every country made up the Board of Education of the state.
The school agent for the district was the one responsible for keeping the schoolhouse equipped with the necessary supplies and in proper condition, hiring the teachers and going back once in every year to the scholars of assessors of the town. In case there is no way for the school top open because of weather and other related concerns, school agents are expected to provide one school room, usually in his own house.
When 1826, there was a breakthrough in the educational leadership and administration of schools when Massachusetts approved the authorization for town and city councils to necessitate the appointment of public schools’ superintendent. Under a school committee’s direction, a superintendent should supervise and care for the district’s schools as his permanent job. This means that it was Massachusetts which has set precedent for America’s educational structure and the evidence is still very prevalent until these days.
In the middle of 1800s, Massachusetts training specifically enforced for educators started spreading until this has become a standard all over the nation. When 1879 came, University of Michigan’ William H. Payne designed the country’s foremost groundbreaking curriculum for teacher training, which included the initial program meant for educational administration. By then, the people had come to realize the importance of proper education so much that it had gone beyond the local village or town’s scope and should instead be designated to the supervision of federal government.
Truly, educational leadership has seen the best of times through the years and it has become an essential part in improving the quality of education. Educational leaders are expected to act as the school’s brains, ears and ears. Educational leadership is definitely a big need of every school in honing students as the future of ever county depends on them.